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The home advantage in high school athletics

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CONTRIBUTORS:
  Author McCutcheon, L. E.
JOURNAL:
  Journal of Sport Behavior (JSB), 7(4), 135 - 138.
YEAR: 1984
PUB TYPE: Journal Article
SUBJECT(S): secondary-school; sport; home-advantage; evaluation; football; basketball; survey; cross-country-running; track-and-field; comparative-study; university; professional
DISCIPLINE: No discipline assigned
HTTP: https://secure.sportquest.com/su.cfm?articleno=158274&title=158274
LANGUAGE: English
PUB ID: 103-343-291 (Last edited on 2002/02/27 18:44:12 US/Mountain)
SPONSOR(S):
 
ABSTRACT:
Several studies have shown that the home team seems to have a slight advantage in sports. A number of explanations have been offered in order to account for this advantage. They include genetic programming to defend home territory, altering the playing conditions to favor the home team, the fact that the home team is more familiar with the idiosyncrasies of the arena, and the verbal support given by fans to the home team. A study of the home advantage in selected high school sports showed home football teams with no statistically significant win-loss advantage, although they scored significantly more points in two of three samples. In basketball, a home advantage was found in one of two samples. In cross-country home teams did not win significantly more often than visitors, but they did have a significantly greater advantage in scoring. The home advantage in high school sports was relatively weak by comparison with college and professional sports. Compares the home advantage in three high school sports. Data from varsity football, basketball and track and field scores were analyzed. Found the existence of a home advantage to be weak in all three sports. There was some support for the hypothesis that the advantage would be weakest for cross country running because of the lack of crowd support in this event.
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